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Alexander the Great

Who Is Alexander the Great?

Alexander III of Macedon” was born on July 20, 356 B.C in Pella and died on June 323 B.C. He was the king of Macedon “The Ancient Greek Kingdom”. He was able to unite Greece, conquered the Persian Empire, and re-establish the corinthian league. He was able to remove the Persian Empire, and took Macedonian arms to India, in addition, to establishing the foundations for the Hellenistic world. He also became the hero of the legend bearing only the sketchiest resemblance to his historical career. He died of Malaria in Babylon in June 323 B.C. Here is all information you need to know about Alexander the Great:

Alexander the Great Life

Alexander the Great Life - Trips in Egypt

Alexander the Great was the son of Philip II and was raised by a nurse. He was taught by Aristotle when he was 13 years old until he becomes 16 years old and the temple of the Nymphs at Mieza was their classroom. He was so concerned with philosophy, medicine, and scientific investigation. The Thracian Maedi revolted against Macedonia during the absence of Philip as he waged war against Byzantion. Alexander colonized it with Greeks and established a city named Alexandroupolis.

Alexander the Great was dispatched with a small force to subdue revolts in southern Thrace through his father. Philip returned to Pella and married from Cleopatra Eurydice. This made the matter difficult for Alexander the great because he had to go with his mother “Olympia” to her family in Epirus until they solve their problems and if his father got a child then it will be difficult for Alexander to reach the throne. Alexander’s father “Philip” exiled four of Alexander’s friends (Harpalus, Nearchus, Ptolemy, and Erigius). He also had the Corinthians bring Thessalus to them in chains. King Philip II was murdered by Pausanias, a Macedonian Noble Alexander who was only 19 years old but he was determined to seize the throne by anyway. He got the support of the Macedonian army and as a result, the army proclaimed Alexander the Feudal King.

Campaigns and Conquests of Alexander the Great

Campaigns of Alexander the Great - Trips in Egypt

Alexander arranged his army and went so quickly to Thebes that they didn’t have a chance to stop him and he led the massacre of Thebes three days after arriving. He started his Asiatic expedition in 334 B.C and arrived in Troy. He wanted to reach Tyre so he instructed his men to build a causeway. He realized that he needed a strong navy and finally he was able to get into the city in July 332 B.C. He also had a plan to conquer Egypt and after besieging Gaza, it was easy for him to conquer Egypt. Egypt fell in his hands without any resistance, he built the city of Alexandria in 331 B.C, and after that, he defeated the Persians at the Battle of Gaugamela. Alexander became the King of Asia, Babylon, and the King of four Quarters of the world.

Alexander the Great then started to create Macedonian colonies to conquer Iran. He captured prince Oxyartes and married his daughter, Rhoxana. He became injured in 328 B.C by Malli warriors and he recovered in 325 B.C. He reached the city of Susa in February 324 B.C and he tried to retain his leadership by connecting Persian Nobles to Macedonians to create a ruling class. To do so, he asked his soldiers to marry some Persian princesses at a huge wedding and he even took two wives for him.

He dismissed many of his Macedonian soldiers after managing to join thousands of the Persian soldiers in his army. That’s why he tried to appease the Macedonian soldiers by killing 13 Persian leaders. He even headed to India in 327 B.C and he met king Polus, whose army had less experience than Alexander but they had an elephant as a secret weapon. After a fierce battle, Polus was defeated. There was a remarkable incident for Alexander in which his horse died and the reason of its death is unclear whether it died from the wounds of the battle or from its old age but it was so dear to Alexander that he named the city Bucephalus, which was his horse’s name.

Amazing Facts about Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great Facts - Trips in Egypt

Alexander used to play Polo that was sent to him by the Persian King to keep him away from war. Polo was the oldest sport in the world and it was played by nobles and soldiers as well. After his death, many legends and stories were being narrated about Alexander’s life and one of them is journeying to the bottom of the sea in a glass bubble to get into the land of Darkness in search of the Fountain of Youth.

We are almost sure how he looked like as he ordered during his reign to have a portrait of his own and thanks to this inscription, we actually know his accurate features. The Phalanx was Alexander’s favorite military tactic, which was a formidable fighting machine. Hephaestion was Alexander’s dearest friend and the general of his army. When Haphastion died in Ecbatana, Alexander wrote to the oracle at Siwa asking them if his friend should be honored as a hero or a god. They replied saying that he should be honored as a hero. Alexander made a huge funeral for his friend.

The Death of Alexander the Great

Death of Alexander the Great - Trips in Egypt - Trips in Egypt

Alexander the Great died on June 13, 323 B.C of Malaria in Babylon “Iraq“and he was just 32 years old after founding more than 70 cities, created an empire that stretched across three continents, and spread Greek culture and language into new regions. His son from Rhoxana was born after some months of his death. Alexander’s empire collapsed after his death. As a side of Alexander’s empire, the cultures of Greece thrived, which became part of his legacy..

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FAQ

What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?

You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.

What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?

You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?

Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.

Why book Trips in Egypt?

We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.

Is it safe to travel to Egypt?

Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.

What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?

They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.

What is the Weather is Like?

The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?

It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.

Should I Give Tips in Egypt?

It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.

Can I Enter the Pyramids?

Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.

How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?

Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.

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About Trips In Egypt

Trips In Egypt was founded in 2002 when it launched, since then the company specialized in providing trips in Egypt only which includes tour packages, vacations, Nile cruises, day trips, shore excursions, and any kind of trips in Egypt.

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