+20 100 405 1515 [email protected]
For Our Customers Who Will Visit Egypt, You Should Bring A PCR Test Valid For Less Than 72 Hours. Read More Info About PCR Testing Egypt

Pompey’s Pillar

Pompey’s Pillar is the biggest memorial column of red granite in Egypt. It is a 30m Roman triumphal column in a rocky hilltop in the middle of Alexandria. It is about 28 m high and has been one of the city’s prime sights. This column was chosen by the Roman ruler of Egypt to be a gratitude sign of the Roman emperor Diocletian between ( 284 and 305A.D) and has nothing to do with the Roman Consul and General Gaius Pompey, who was killed by Cleopatra’s brother

The History of Pompey’s Pillar

Pompey's Pillar Alexandria | Pompey's Pillar History | Pompey's Pillar Facts

In the first centuries A.D, Christianity was the main religion in Egypt and that’s why the pagan gods were neglected. The Serapeum was dedicated to Alexandria’s patron god, Serapis. It conflicted a lot with the Christian thoughts and in 391 A.D, the leader of the church in Alexandria, patriarch Theophilus, ordered to destroy the serapeum and all the remaining symbols of paganism.

Pompey’s Pillar today marks what was once a huge temple, which was constructed with precious metal on the interior. There are some remaining tunnels around the complex open for tourists to discover. The site includes trenches and holes, with a couple of narrow shafts from the Serapeum to explore below. There are a few sphinxes (Originally from Heliopolis) and a surviving Nilometer (a structure used to measure the level of the Nile in ancient times.

The Construction of  Pompey’s Pillar

Pompey's Pillar Alexandria | Pompey's Pillar History | Pompey's Pillar Facts

The weight of the single red granite stone is about 285 tonnes. Pompey’s Pillar measures 20.46 m in height with a diameter of 2.71 m at its base. There are the remains of a Serapium on the backside of the pillar that is really damaged. This construction was built during the reigns of Ptolemy II and Ptolemy III. It was actually damaged because of the revolts of the Jewish population in Alexandria. It was rebuilt during the reign of Hadrian but was destroyed once more after the spread of Christianity. There was a basin at the side of the platform that was used for the purification process. There are also 2 galleries at the back of the temple.

The first gallery contained a black statue of basalt from the reign of Hadrian. This statue represents the god Serapis in the shape of a bull. It was taken to the Museum in Alexandria. The second gallery is known as “The Daughter Library” but it was actually an Anubidiun (the burial for the mummies of Anubis), who was a member of the Pantheon of Alexandria.

Rise to the Great Skies of Egypt with “Trips in Egypt”

Our Egypt tour packages provide you with a wealth of different options for planning your vacation in Egypt depending upon your particular tastes and interests. Our tours mean easier access to the most popular sites of ancient Egypt, and luxury Nile cruises, days and nights of 5-star accommodations. Hurry up and be connected with us by booking one of our tours below:

Trips in Egypt Team
About the author

Trips In Egypt Team

Trips In Egypt team is composed of diverse individuals from all over the world who are the guardians of the ancient knowledge, magnificent attractions, and secrets of Egypt. They are travel enthusiasts, Egyptologists, Archaeologists, and history passionates who know every corner about the historical, geographical, geopolitical, and cultural nature of Egypt that trace back to more than 5000 years.

Leave a Reply

Feefo Badge

About Trips In Egypt

Trips In Egypt was founded in 2002 when it launched, since then the company specialized in providing trips in Egypt only which includes tour packages, vacations, Nile cruises, day trips, shore excursions, and any kind of trips in Egypt.

Subscribe to Our Newsletter

Recent Posts

Outdoor Activities to Do From Sharm El Sheikh - Trips In Egypt
Outdoor Activities to Do From Sharm El Sheikh
April 11, 2021Trips in Egypt
Traveling to Egypt As An American - Trips In Egypt
Traveling to Egypt As An American
April 11, 2021Trips in Egypt
Nile Cruise Tips And Highlights Blog - Trips In Egypt
Nile Cruise Tips And Highlights
April 11, 2021Trips in Egypt

Get a Question?

Do not hesitate to give us a call. We are an expert team and we are happy to talk to you.


[email protected]