Thanks to the unique natural surroundings and the astronomical patterns of Egypt such the cyclic order of the sun and the seasonal pattern of the Nile floods that enriched the soil of the delta, all these phenomena inspired the Egyptians to wonder about eternal themes which are order, chaos, and resurrection that eventually led to the creation of the ancient Egyptians gods and goddesses. Most of the information about the ancient Egyptian gods was discovered on temple walls located at Luxor & Aswan. Here is a list of the top worshiped ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses:
Ancient Egyptian Gods & Goddesses
All the ancient Egyptian gods had names, individual personalities and characteristic plus wore unique outfits. Each deity had their own domain of influence and was associated with a different aspect of human life.
Ancient Egyptian God Ra (Atum)
Known to be the sun god, supreme lord of the gods, creator of life and the human race, he was the supreme creator of the ancient Egyptian gods and the ruler of both the living and the dead. The father of Shu the air god and Tefnut goddess of moisture and rain. He was the first celestial divine being to stand on the primordial mound of chaos and create life and order instead. His duty was to protect the universe from the primordial serpent “Apophis“. He looked like a child in the morning, an adult in High noon and an old man in the evening, he also had the head of a hawk and a solar disk on top his head with a coiled serpent around it. when the god Amun rose to Power, Ra’s position was unmatched as he even merged with him and became the supreme god Amun-Ra.
Ancient Egyptian God Amun(Amun-Ra)
He is one of the most powerful and popular ancient Egyptian gods. he was the patron of the city of Thebes and was worshipped as part of the Theban Triad of Amun, his wife Mut and son Khonsu. He rose to power in the new kingdom to the point other gods were considered to be a mere aspect of Amun, in the mortal world the position of the god’s wife of Amun was even on par with the position of a pharaoh.
Ancient Egyptian God Osiris
One of the five original gods of creation, known to be the king of the underworld and lord & judge of the dead. He is highly famous because of the famous myth which involves him being killed by his brother the desert god Set and then brought back to life by his sister-wife Isis and his brother Hours The Elder and then chosen by Ra to be the govern of the underworld as for his Brother set he was Killed by Osiris’s son the Sky God Horus. He is usually depicted as a mummified bearded king with green or black skin. He took part in the judicial process in the hall of truth where the heart of the deceased is weighed against the feather of maat and then Osiris would decide his fate. People desired to be buried at Abydos near his cult center in order to get his graces and get easier access to the fields of reeds a.k.a paradise.
Ancient Egyptian Goddess Isis
She was one of the original five gods, the wife of Osiris, the Mother of Horus, the mother of the kings and was known as Mut-Netier “Mother of the gods” and Weret- Kekau “The Great Magic“. Her Egyptian name id Eset which means “Goddess of the throne“. She was really popular because of the role that she played at the infamous Osiris myth. She took part in every aspect of the ancient Egyptian human life as a symbol of magic as he resurrected his life and a symbol of motherhood because she gives birth and protected her son the sky god Horus. Her cult spread all across the globe and the Greco-Roman world.
Ancient Egyptian God Horus
One of the most famous ancient Egyptian gods is the Falcon Sky God, he is the son of Osiris and Isis, and the immortal fighter of the desert god Set, his uncle, and his father’s murderer. He is viewed mainly as a god of the sky, plus a god of war and victory because of his mythical battle with against Set which lasted for 8 years, but later he emerged victoriously and brought peace and order to the unified land of Egypt. He became associated with the kings of Egypt as they viewed themselves as an incarnation of the avian god in life and his father Osiris in death. He is depicted as a man with a falcon or a hawk’s head, his most famous symbol the legendary Eye of Horus which symbols protection and sacrifice.
Ancient Egyptian God Set
The god of War, chaos, the desert and pestilence, Set became the antagonist of ancient Egyptian gods for murdering his brother Osiris and becoming a Great symbol of evil. The name “Set” is translated to “Instigator of Confusion” and “Destroyer“. He is depicted as a red beast like a fox with cloven hooves and a forked tail. He was always associated with catastrophic events like storms, fires and any kind of a disaster. His battle with Horus is quite mythical as it lasted for eight years and everything was on the verge of destruction but he was defeated.
Ancient Egyptian God Anubis
The God of the dead Anubis is probably the most recognizable of the ancient Egyptian gods as he is depicted as a man with the head of a black jackal carrying a staff. He is the son of Osiris and Nephthys. His duty was to guide the souls of the dead to the hall of truth and part of the ritual of the weighing of the heart of the soul of the deceased to the feather of Maat in the afterlife. He became a true symbol of death as all the tombs around Egypt were considered to be his house of worship.
Ancient Egyptian God Thoth
The god of writing and wisdom, knowledge and truth, Thoth, he is also known as “Lord of Time” and “Reckoner of years” as he is credited with the invention of writing the alphabet, mathematics, surveying, geometry, and even botany plus he was also the record keeper of the gods. The symbolized the passage of time and the powerful magic behind the divine knowledge of words. He was the patron god of libraries, astronomers and scribes, and was a divine ally and benefactor of humanity who provided them the heavenly gift of the spoken words. He is depicted as a man with the head of an ibis holding a writing tool. He holds a highly important position between the kings as he gave them the power to maintain order on his subjects. He played a role in the weighing of the heart in the hall of truth and was able to give a nut to five days of moonlight to give birth to original five gods.
Ancient Egyptian Goddess Maat
Maat is known to the goddess of truth, justice and embodies the principle of harmony. She had an essential role in ancient Egyptian society; she was viewed as a guideline for human behavior to follow the order of the gods in order to establish a cosmic order. This concept of harmony revolved around the virtues of truth, family life. She was responsible for regulating the stars and seasons and maintaining a universal balance between the various factions. Maa’t was created from reflecting in the studies of ancient Egyptian astronomers who charted earth’s orbit among the celestial routes of the infinite stars and planets. She was depicted as a winged woman with an ostrich feather on her head. She had the most important task in the weighing of the Heart during the judicial process in the afterlife as she transformed into a Feather that symbolizes the scale of justice.
Ancient Egyptian God Ptah
The main God of Memphis Ptah personified the concept of creation, was known as the creator of the world, and lord of truth. He was the patron of sculptors, builders, painters’ craftsmen and any form of an artist. Ptah is depicted as a mummified man wearing a skull cap holding the Was scepter combined with the ankh and the Djed. he was hailed as a self-created and known that he created the universe and the life in all the different entities around the world. He was highly famous as during his time as the name Egypt derived from the Greek word Aigyptos which corresponds to the word Hat-Ka-Ptah that means “Temple of the soul of Ptah“.
Ancient Egyptian Goddess Hathor
The ancient goddess of joy, feminine love, motherhood, celebration, and drunkenness. She is known to be “the lady or drunkenness” and “the lady of the Sycamore” and is associated with gratitude, thankful heart and with all the matters of womanly love and health. Her name means “domain of Horus” because of her close to the avian falcon deity. In the afterlife, she helped guide the souls of the dead towards paradise and was one of the deities on board the sun barge helping Ra in protecting Egypt from Apophis. She was depicted as a woman with the head of a cow or in the form of an entire cow and viewed as responsible for bringing the floods of the Nile and fertilizing the land.
Ancient Egyptian Goddess Bastet
One of the most famous deities of ancient Egypt Bastet was known to be the beautiful goddess of cats, childbirth, fertility, woman’s secrets and the protector of the home from evil or any kind of misfortune. Due to her high stature in Egyptian society, cats were very revered and respected within Egyptian society to the point the harming or killing a cat would be sentenced by death as the battle of Pelusium in 525 was won by the Persians because they used cats in from of their army and shield which made the Egyptian army surrender. Bastet was depicted as a cat or a woman with a cat’s head.
Ancient Egyptian God Sobek
The crocodile God Sobek was known as the lord of marshes and wetlands all across Egypt and he was also associated with medicine, surgery and sudden death. It was believed that his sweat & tears were the sources of the waters of the Nile. He was highly popular and powerful during his time; it is believed that he lived on a mythical mountain at the horizon where he ruled and was linked with Ra to form what is known to be Sobek-Ra. He was depicted as a crocodile or a man with a crocodile’s head.
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What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?
You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.
What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?
You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?
Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.
Why book Trips in Egypt?
We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.
Is it safe to travel to Egypt?
Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.
What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?
They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.
What is the Weather is Like?
The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?
It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.
Should I Give Tips in Egypt?
It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.
Can I Enter the Pyramids?
Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.
How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?
Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.