Dendera Temples Complex

Dendera temple complex is located about 2.5 kilometers southeast of Dendera, Egypt. It is considered the best-preserved temple in Egypt. Dendera temple complex is sited about 60 kilometers north of Luxor opposite the modern town of Qena. Through our article, you will discover all info about Dendera temple includes:

What You Can See inside Dendera Temple Complex:

The complex of Dendera temple is totally surrounded by a hefty mud brick enclosed wall and it covers around 40.000 square meters. Dendera Temple complex has been the main site of ancient chapels & shrines. The pharaoh Pepi I was the one who was responsible for the establishments in Dendera. Through our article, you will know:

Dendera Temple Complex Architecture Layout -Trips in Egypt

  • 1- Temple of Hathor
  • 2- Temple of the birth of Isis
  • 3- Sacred Lake
  • 4- Well
  • 5- Sanatorium
  • 6- Chapel of Montuhotep
  • 7- Mammisi of Nectanebo II
  • 8- Christian Basilica
  • 9- Roman Mammisi
  • 10- Gateway of Domitian and Trajan

The Hathor temple was built by Ptolemy XII and nearly completed by Queen Cleopatra VII, around 54 to 20 BCE.

Hathor Temple

The standing Iseum or Birth of Isis Temple at Dendera, located directly behind the main Temple to Hathor,

Temple of the Birth of Isis

The Sacred Lake contained water used for ritual ablutions. It now is empty from water, and full of trees and birds instead.

Sacred Lake

The sanatorium served as a sort of primitive hospital; cures were prescribed from dreams induced by narcotics.


This consists of a large rectangular hall surrounded by a colonnade near the entrance to the site and has some well-preserved relief decoration on its exterior.

Mammisi of Nectanebo II

The Roman Christian Basilica at Dendera, Egypt. This is one of the earliest Roman basilicas with a wide central aisle or nave, and two side aisles preceded by a narthex on the west, with lateral semi-circular apses at the end.

Christian Basilica

Roman Birth House of Mammisi. C. 350 BC. Capitals with god Bes figure.

Roman Mammisi

Dendara Temple entrance gate Domitian Trajan Pro-pylon Hathor located north of Luxor. It has a notable rare representation of the famous Cleopatra, some beautiful carvings and is relatively unscathed by the ravages of time.

Gateways of Domitian and Trajan

Roman Kiosk (Chapel), of New Year's Festival at the Hathor Temple at Dendera.

The Roman Kiosk

Who is Hathor!!

Dendera Temple Complex History & Facts - Temple of Hathor History

Hathor was the main goddess in the ancient Egyptian religion and she had many roles. She was the mother of Horus, the sky god, and Ra, the Sun God. She was mainly depicted as a cow to symbolize her maternal and celestial aspects and she had the form of a woman wearing a headdress of cow horns and a sun disk. Gods such as Mut and Isis exceed Hathor but she remained one of the most widely worshipped deities.

The Temple of Hathor

Dendera Temple Complex History & Facts - Temple of Hathor History

Dendera Temple was known before as the temple of Tentyra. It was mainly dedicated to Hathor. Inside the temple, there are some depictions of Cleopatra VII that symbolize Ptolemaic Egyptian art. On the external part of the temple, there is a carving of Cleopatra VII Philopator and her son, Ptolemy XV  fathered by Julius Caesar. The highest part of its roof has been closed since 2003.

The Layout Elements of Dendera Temple

Large Hypostyle HallSmall Hypostyle HallLaboratory
Storage magazineOffering entryTreasury
Exit to wellAccess to stairwellOffering hall
Hall of the EnneadGreat Seat and the main sanctuaryShrine of the Nome of Dendera
Shrine of IsisShrine of SokarShrine of Harsomtus
Shrine of Hathor’s SistrumShrine of gods of Lower EgyptShrine of Hathor
Shrine of the throne of RêShrine of RêShrine of the Menat collar
Shrine of IhyCourt of the First FeastPassage
Staircase to roof

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