There has never been more talked about the battle in the history of ancient Egypt than the infamous battle of Kadesh. The battle of Kadesh is the most document military engagement of ancient times in the Middle East. It took place in 1274 BC in the city of Kadesh “An Important Trade City in the Region of Syria” between the forces of Pharaoh Ramses II (1279-1213 BCE) and Hittite king Muwatalli II (1295-1272 BCE) where both parties called victory as it is known to be the first documented peace treaty in history or rather a treaty of delimitation which marks borders or boundaries instead of agreeing on terms for peace between nations.
Battle of Kadesh
The Hittites and the Egyptians
The history of the Hittite with the Egyptian comes back to the times of Pharaoh Tutmoses III where they caused countless trouble and incursions towards Egypt to the point that in the reign of Akhenaten and Tutankhamun as they attempted to expand their regions near the borders of Egypt.
During the fifth reign of Ramses the great, a decision was made to its time to expand his empire and drive the Hittites from his borders by capturing the city of Kadesh for the purpose of making it an Egyptian trade and economic hub for the benefit of Egypt and suitable strategic location to lunch Egyptian expansion in Syria and the rest of Asia.
The Strategy of King Ramses Against the Hittites
Pharaoh Ramses was able to prepare an army consisting of 20,000 soldiers and 2,000 chariots against the army of the Hittites consisting of 40,000 soldiers and 3,000 chariots which were known to be heavier than the traditional Egyptian chariot. The battle of Kadesh saw one of the biggest chariot battles in history and was a very vital part in deciding the winner of the battle.
The Hittite chariots were able to chatter the Egyptian chariots into little pieces and victory seemed to be at hand which resulted in the Hittite dropping their guard and declare their victory. While they were indulging in their false victory, the Egyptians led by Ramses II collected his remaining troops and was able to lunch a counter-attack with lighter more maneuverable chariots and was able to drive the enemy’s troops in the river of Orontes.
The Peace Treaty of Kadesh
King Muwatalli II chooses to retreat to the city of Kadesh. Both parties claimed to be victorious, King Ramses II was able to outsmart the Hittite army and saw himself as the winner and King Muwatalli was able to safeguard the city of Kadesh so he viewed himself as the winner. Many historians claim the battle of Kadesh was a draw between the two parties and after fifteen years of the battle of Kadesh and the two nations agreed that the path of peace was the ideal choice.
During the year of 1258 BCE, the throne of the Hittite empire was passed from Muwatalli II to his son Hattuslili III who chooses to sign a peace & delimitation treaty with Ramses II. Based on the newly signed treaty both the Egyptians and the Hittites opened trade relations and exchanged technological and agricultural expertise as the Hittites taught the Egyptians how to make more superior weapons and tools as they were skilled in metalwork and the Egyptians taught them the art of agriculture which improved the economical & livelihood of the people of both nations for many centuries to come.
Discover Wonders of Ancient Egypt with “Trips in Egypt”
Finally, Ancient Egypt left many various battles that showcase the glory and the force of ancient Egyptians in battles as recorded in the history books. so our Egypt tour packages provide a great opportunity to knock the door of the history and march between ancient Egyptian legends. In addition to enjoying a Nile cruise between Luxor & Aswan and witness the land beauty of Pharaohs.
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What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?
You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.
What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?
You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?
Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.
Why book Trips in Egypt?
We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.
Is it safe to travel to Egypt?
Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.
What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?
They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.
What is the Weather is Like?
The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?
It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.
Should I Give Tips in Egypt?
It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.
Can I Enter the Pyramids?
Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.
How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?
Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.