The ancient Egyptians believed in the afterlife and they had various complex rituals according to this matter. That afterlife took many forms according to the social status of the deceased. The most important figure that controlled the whole of that process was religion as there were a lot of different gods in the past that were controlling the whole life according to the ancients just like the Egyptian gods who played roles in guiding the souls of the dead through the afterlife.
Ancient Egyptian Afterlife Beliefs
There were some doctrines for the Egyptian religions, which included three basic afterlife ideologies. Those Ideologies Were:
- Believed in an underworld “The Duat” that had only one entrance and it could be reached by traveling through the tomb of the deceased.
- Eternal Life.
- Rebirth of the Soul.
Now We’ll Introduce Some of the Funeral Practices
The soul of the dead according to the beliefs of the Ancients was presented to a prominent god who was Osiris. Osiris was responsible for determining the virtue of the deceased’s soul and granting those deemed deserving a peaceful afterlife.
There were some practices to be done in order to get an ideal afterlife just as acting justly and following the beliefs of the Egyptian creed in addition to practicing the rituals after an individual’s life has ended so it was the responsibility of the living person to give the dead one his peaceful desirable afterlife.
1- The Tombs of Ancient Egyptian Afterlife
Ancient Egyptians were really interested in constructing their tombs “Their Last Resting Place” while they were still alive. The construction of those tombs differs from one period to another but their fiction is still the same. Inside each tomb that has been discovered, there were many things based on the status of the dead person.
The decorations inside each tomb were designed to guide the deceased’s soul to the afterlife. There are many tombs of Pharaohs in Egypt such as the Valley of the Kings, Valley of the Queens, and more that you can visit during your Nile cruise between Luxor and Aswan.
2- Ancient Egyptian Afterlife Texts
Ancient Egyptians formed some religious spells and decorations to put inside the tomb of the dead hoping to help those who die in their afterlife.
3- Ancient Egyptian Afterlife Texts in the Pyramid
That matter was somehow different for the ancient Queens & high government officials as they started to have special pyramid texts inside their burial tombs to help them in their journey through the afterlife by conveying knowledge to the deceased about the paths he should take and the dangers he might face along the way.
4- The Coffin Texts About Ancient Egyptian Afterlife
Instead of using the pyramid texts during the Old Kingdom, they were replaced with coffin texts during Egypt's Middle Kingdom, which were spells inscribed on the coffins of the dead.
They were used to protect the dead and provide him or her with the transformation magic to pass their journey. Notice that the collection of Coffin Texts known as The Book of Two Ways functioned as the earliest manual to the afterlife.
5- Book of the Dead
This book was a collection of both coffin and pyramid spells. It was recorded on the papyrus during Egypt's New Kingdom. They were important for the Egyptians as they offered advice, protection, and knowledge to the dead as they journeyed through the netherworld.
6- Books of the Netherworld
Those books contained many texts that provided the deceased with a description of the underworld and served as a guide to help the dead during their final journey.
The texts inside those books focused on the second half of the sun god’s journey. Some of those books were: the Amduat, the Book of Gates, the Book of Caverns and the Book of the Earth.
7- Coffins of Deads
The usage of coffins dates back to the Old Kingdom and they were simple “equilateral makings with minor details”. During the New Kingdom, coffins were decorated with features that resembled the individual inside.
8- Mummification Process of Deads
The Ancient Egyptians believed that the bodies of their dead must be preserved in order for the dead to be reborn in the afterlife.
They also thought that Ra would reawaken after they completed their journey through the underworld. Therefore, they prepared a process through which the body was dismembered and wrapped in bandages to safeguard it if the soul decided to return that we call “Mummification”.
9- Funeral Offerings
It was a tradition for the majority of the ancient Egyptians to leave offerings next to the bodies of their dead to show their affection to their gods and they believed that even after the death of someone, his spirit would live, as it is according to them a separate entity.
Judging of the Dead
Judgment of the dead in ancient Egypt was the process through which the ancient Egyptian gods have the authority to judge the worthiness of the souls of the deceased. This process was the most important part of the journey to the afterlife according to the Egyptians. After finishing this judgment, Souls arrive at the Hall of Maat where their purity would be the determining factor in whether they would be allowed to enter the Kingdom of Osiris.
The importance of this process shows if the dead can determine the judges’ names or Ren and established that they were pure. When they prove that they were sinless, Anubis administrates a test to see the weight of the dead hearts against the feather of Maat. Thoth was the one who was responsible for recording the results and presenting them to Osiris. He admitted them into the Sekhet-Aaru.
Journey to the Afterlife with “Trips in Egypt”
Through our Egypt tour packages, you will discover a series of stages about the ancient Egypt afterlife with Egyptologist tour guides while visiting the enchanting pyramids, temples, and tombs of the Pharaohs. Don’t miss the chance and enjoy one of the mysterious tours to the wonders of Egypt:
Great vacation for 4 days in Cairo Egypt accompanied by an e...
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An Incredible 5 days Cairo & Alexandria tour package to expl...
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What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?
You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.
What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?
You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?
Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.
Why book Trips in Egypt?
We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.
Is it safe to travel to Egypt?
Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.
What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?
They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.
What is the Weather is Like?
The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?
It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.
Should I Give Tips in Egypt?
It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.
Can I Enter the Pyramids?
Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.
How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?
Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.