Menu

Egypt Old Kingdom

Egypt old kingdom started from 2686 and lasted until 2181 BC as it was mentioned in many historical sites including Wikipedia. This period is commonly known as “The Age of the Pyramids” or “The Age of the Pyramids Builders” as, during this period, there were great builders of pyramids including Snefru. Here is all information you need to know about Egypt old kingdom:

There are also the exquisite Giza pyramids, which were built by members of the fourth dynasty such as Khufu, his son Khafre, in addition to the grandson of Khufu, Menkaure. This period included the era ruled by the third dynasty through the sixth one.

Evolution of Egypt in the Old Kingdom

Egypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties

Through that era, people in the Nile Valley first began to produce the art and architecture that are considered the most valuable architecture until today. It was a period of internal prosperity and security but it was followed by a disunity period and a cultural decline, which was the first intermediate period.

The king of Egypt during the Egypt old Kingdom became a living god who ruled absolutely. King Djoser was the first ruler of the Egypt Old Kingdom, who moved the royal capital of Egypt to Memphis where he established his court.

The architect of Djoser, Imhotep was the one who is credited with the development of building with stone and with the conception of the new architectural form. He was a great architect who designed the spectacular Saqqara Step Pyramid. Imhotep wanted to be different and to build a stone pyramid rather than a pyramid built something special rather than mud-brick mastabas.

Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties

Egypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties

The Third Dynasty of Egypt Old Kingdom

This amazing period started with Djoser who ruled from 2691 until 2625 BC during the third dynasty of Egypt. During his rule, the great Saqqara Step Pyramid has been built with the help of the vizier of Djoser “Imhotep” who was a great architect and helped a lot in establishing amazing constructions. The pharaoh during that period was being treated as a god as ancient Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was the one who was responsible for the annual flooding of the Nile.

The Pharaohs of the Third Dynasty of Egypt Old Kingdom

Pharaoh NamePharaoh ImageRuling Period
DjoserEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom DynastiesPossibly Around 2670 BC
SekhemkhetEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2649–2643 BC
SanakhtEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom DynastiesPossibly Around 2650 BC
KhabaEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2643–2637 BC
HuniEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2637–2613 BC

The Fourth Dynasty of Egypt Old Kingdom

The fourth dynasty of Egypt started with Snefru who ruled from 2613 until 2589 BC who followed Djoser and became the next great pyramid builder. He accomplished three pyramids including the Medium Pyramid, the Bent Pyramid, and the Red Pyramid.

King Khufu was the pharaoh who succeeded Snefru from 2589 until 2566 BC. This amazing king who ruled during the 26th century built one of the seven wonders of the world “The Great Pyramid”, which needed 20 years to be constructed and the reason behind considering it the tallest sculpture that has been ever built by a man before the construction of Eiffel tower in 1889 CE. Then, he was followed by Khafre (2558–2532 BC) who built the pyramid of Khafre in addition to the mythical Sphinx. The son of Khafre from the fourth dynasty Menkaure (2532–2504 BC) came and continued the terrific art of his family by constructing the pyramid of Menkaure.

The Pharaohs of the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt Old Kingdom

Pharaoh NamePharaoh ImageRuling Period
SneferuEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2613–2589 BC
KhufuEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2589–2566 BC
DjedefreEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2566–2558 BC
KhafreEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2558–2532 BC
MenkaureEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2532–2503 BC
ShepseskafEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2503–2498 BC

The Fifth Dynasty of Egypt Old Kingdom

This era started with Userkaf, who ruled from 2494 till 2487 BC and during his reign, there has been much growing importance of the cult of the sun god Ra. That is why instead of building pyramids such as the fourth dynasty, they were interested in establishing sun temples in Abusir.

Sahure, the son of Userkaf, succeeded his father and started his expedition to Punt. Sahure was succeeded by Neferirkare Kakai, who introduced the phenomena in the royal titulary. The trade-in Egypt expanded so much during that period and it included gold, copper, myrrh in addition to other useful metals inspired the ancient Egyptians to build suitable ships for navigation in the open sea.

The Pharaohs of the Fifth Dynasty of Egypt Old Kingdom

Pharaoh NamePharaoh ImageRuling Period
UserkafEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2498–2491 BC
SahureEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2490–2477 BC
Neferirkare KakaiEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2477–2467 BC
NeferefreEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2460–2458 BC
Nyuserre IniEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2445–2422 BC
Menkauhor KaiuEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2422–2414 BC
Djedkare IsesiEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2414–2375 BC
UnasEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2375–2345 BC

The Sixth Dynasty of Egypt Old Kingdom

During the rule of the Sixth Dynasty that started from 2345 until 2181 BC, the great power of the Egyptian pharaohs gradually weakened and finally declined. Throughout the reign of Pepi II, there has been internal disorder and the country slipped into civil wars mere decades after the end of Pepi II’s reign.

The drastic drop of that period actually occurred with the 22nd-century drought. The collapse of Egypt old Kingdom was followed by decades of strife and famine. There is an inscription on the tomb of Ankhtifi, who was a monarch during the early First Intermediate Period. That inscription describes the pitiful state of the country when famine stalked the land during the First Intermediate Period.

The Pharaohs of the Sixth Dynasty of Egypt Old Kingdom

Pharaoh NamePharaoh ImageRuling Period
TetiEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2345–2333 BC
UserkareEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2333–2332 BC
Meryre Pepi IEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2332–2283 BC
Merenre Nemtyemsaf IEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2283–2278 BC
Neferkare Pepi IIEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2278–2184 BC
NeferkaEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2200–2199 BC
Merenre Nemtyemsaf IIEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom DynastiesAround 2184 BC
Neitiqerty SiptahEgypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties2184–2181 BC

The Culture of Egypt Old Kingdom

Egypt Old Kingdom Facts - Egypt Old Kingdom Dynasties

The Egypt Old Kingdom was a very dynamic period full of different forms of art through which artists learned to express their culture’s worldview, creating for the first time images and forms that endured for generations. Architects mastered the techniques necessary to build stone monumental structures.

Sculptures were able to create different portraits of individuals and sculptures made of wood, stone, and copper. Those sculptures produced detailed images of animals, plants, and landscapes to record the essential elements of their world for eternity. To do so, they painted and carved those images on the walls of temples and tombs.

The principal functions of those pictures were 1) to ensure an ordered existence and 2) to defeat death by preserving life into the next world. Egyptians produced elegant jewelry, finely carved and inlaid furniture, and cosmetic vessels in addition to the central effort to preserve life after death.

Travel Back to the Times of Old Kings & Queens with “Trips in Egypt”

Finally, Egypt is a perfect destination for vacation because of its mysterious, beautiful temples, ancient civilization, hieroglyphs, mummies, and above all the splendid pyramids, , so “Trips in Egypt ” provides you with Egypt tour packages to enjoy the best time ever in the land of pharaohs and explore the most famous attractions of Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and Alexandria, plus enjoying a luxury Nile cruise holidays to witness the glory of Pharaohs.

Great vacation for 4 days in Cairo Egypt accompanied by an e...

Duration

Duration

4 Days / 3 Nights

Availability

Availability

Everyday

An Incredible 5 days Cairo & Alexandria tour package to expl...

Duration

Duration

5 Days / 4 Nights

Availability

Availability

Everyday

Our 6 days in Egypt itinerary your best way to spend just an...

Duration

Duration

6 Days / 5 Nights

Availability

Availability

Everyday

Breathtaking 7 days Cairo, Luxor & Hurghada holiday to explo...

Duration

Duration

7 Days / 6 Nights

Availability

Availability

Everyday

Share Your Comment

FAQ

What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?

You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.

What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?

You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?

Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.

Why book Trips in Egypt?

We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.

Is it safe to travel to Egypt?

Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.

What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?

They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.

What is the Weather is Like?

The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?

It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.

Should I Give Tips in Egypt?

It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.

Can I Enter the Pyramids?

Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.

How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?

Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.

Show More
Show Less

Company Core Values

Quality

Creativity

Confidence

About Trips In Egypt

Trips In Egypt was founded in 2002 when it launched, since then the company specialized in providing trips in Egypt only which includes tour packages, vacations, Nile cruises, day trips, shore excursions, and any kind of trips in Egypt.

Subscribe to Newsletter

Send Your Feedback

Back to top