Giza Pyramids complex is located on the Giza plateau. It includes the three master Pyramids, which are “Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure Pyramids”, the superb Sphinx, some cemeteries, and an industrial complex. It is located in the desert of Giza in the southwest of Cairo. The Great Pyramid of Giza is listed as one of the seven wonders of the world where millions of different travelers visit it every year. Through our article, you will know all the information related to Giza pyramids complex including:
Giza Pyramids Complex
The Fanciful Attractions of Giza Pyramid Complex
Giza pyramids complex reveal the great heritage of the ancient Egyptian civilization. Let us take a journey now to explore the glory of this unique civilization:
The Great Pyramid of Khufu
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest Pyramid among the whole Giza Pyramids complex and it is considered one of the most ancient wonders of the world. It belongs to King Khufu from the 4th Dynasty. It took about twenty years to be built. It contains three rooms, two of them belong to the King and the Queen. There are also two temples to honor the King. It consists of 2.3 million building blocks, which makes it really a unique masterpiece from the time of the amazing ancients. This great pyramid was once called Khufu’s Horizon. It has concave sides and passages to go up and down which makes it unique and one of its kind.
The Pyramid of Khafre
It is the second-largest pyramid in the Giza Pyramids complex, which belongs to King Khafre from the fourth dynasty. It was explored in 1818 by Giovanni Belzoni when he found the main entrance, where he was hoping to find an intact burial but unfortunately the room was empty. Then John Perring had his complete exploration in 1837.
The Pyramid of Menakure
The pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the three pyramids in Giza and was built to be the tomb of the pharaoh Menkaure family. It’s located a few hundred meters southwest of the pyramid of Cheops and Pyramid of Khafre, where it is believed to be completed in the twenty-sixth century BC It is 61 meters high with a base of 108.5 meters, constructed of limestone and granite.
The Great Sphinx
The magical Sphinx is the most interesting monument from the ancient civilization as it has a relation with the ancient Greek mythology of the sphinxes that were sent by gods over the towns of Thebes to punish those who commit crimes. The Giza Sphinx is a mythical creature with the head of a man “Khafre’s” and a body of a lion that measures 73 meters long and 20 meters high. King Khafre was the one who ordered to build the Sphinx to guard the Pyramids in 2500 P.C. His nose was destroyed by a Sufi Muslim, Muhammed Sa’im al-Dahr in the 15th century not by Napoleon during the French revolution.
The Valley Temple
It is located on the east side of the pyramid of Khafre, it was built by local limestone and was used for the purification and the Mummification process of the mummy of the kings. It has been buried under the desert sand until the 19th century.
The Purpose of Building Giza Pyramids Complex
Giza Pyramids complex were built to house the remains of the Egyptian pharaohs who ruled during the period of Ancient Egypt. The ancient Egyptians believed that death is just the beginning of a journey to another world. They tried to prepare themselves for such an experience by building the magnificent Giza Pyramids complex. The ancient Egyptian pharaohs prepared their tombs with their own things believing that they will return to life again as kings, that’s why their tombs, temples, and burials were full of priceless monuments.
Mind-Blowing Facts about Giza Pyramids Complex
- While we have the three main Giza pyramids Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure, there are 130 pyramids that have been discovered around the area of Ancient Egypt.
- About 100,000 paid workers who have engaged in moving the stones of the great pyramids.
- All pyramids are suited on the west bank where the sunsets every day, which symbolizes the realm of the dead.
- No hieroglyphics or writing is found inside the great Giza Pyramid, which leaves many questions.
- The Great Pyramid was actually built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu.
- About 144,000 casing stones were used in building the Great Giza Pyramid that was extremely flat.
- In order to build a pyramid that covers more than 13 acres of land, they used about 2.5 million giant blocks of stone.
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What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?
You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.
What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?
You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?
Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.
Why book Trips in Egypt?
We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.
Is it safe to travel to Egypt?
Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.
What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?
They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.
What is the Weather is Like?
The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?
It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.
Should I Give Tips in Egypt?
It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.
Can I Enter the Pyramids?
Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.
How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?
Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.