The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest of the seven wonders of the world and the largest of the three other ancient pyramids complex. It took about 20 years to be built. It belongs to the fourth dynasty of Egyptian Pharaoh “Khufu” or “Cheops“, which was built as a tomb for the king. Below, all information you need to know about the Great Pyramid of Giza:
The Great Pyramid of Giza
- 1. History of the Great Pyramid of Giza
- 2. How the Great Pyramid of Giza Was Built!!!
- 3. Materials Used in the Construction of the Khufu Pyramid
- 4. Chambers of the Great Pyramid of Giza
- 5. What you Can Find Inside the Great Pyramid of Giza
- 6. Facts About the Great Pyramid of Giza
The History of the Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the tallest man structure that has ever been built for more than 3800 years and the defining symbol of Egypt. It was covered by limestone casing stones that formed a smooth surface. It has three burial chambers inside. There are a lot of theories about the construction techniques of the Great Pyramid. Most of these construction hypotheses are based on the idea that huge stones were being moved from a quarry and then being dragged and left.
How the Great Pyramid of Giza Was Built!!!
The Greeks believed that slaves were the ones who built the Pyramid but modern discoveries reveal that it was built by tens of thousands of skilled workers. The most important thing in the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza was the crew of workers. Khufu chose his nephew Hemiunu to be his vizier who is credited for the design and the construction of the great pyramid. He was responsible for the materials, labor, transport, and official reports. The technological skill witnessed in the construction of the Khufu Pyramid is still a mystery for scholars and Egyptologists.
Because of their immense size, building pyramids posed special problems of both organization and engineering. Constructing the Great Pyramid of the pharaoh Khufu, for example, required that more than two million blocks weighing from two to more than sixty tons be formed into a structure covering two football fields and rising in a perfect pyramidal shape 480 feet into the sky. Its construction involved vast numbers of workers which, in turn, presented complex logistical problems concerning food, shelter, and organization. Millions of heavy stone blocks needed not only to be quarried and raised to great heights but also set together with precision in order to create the desired shape.
Materials Used in the Construction of Khufu Pyramid
The Great Pyramid of Giza consists of about 2.3 million blocks which makes it the greatest pyramid that has ever been built if you are located in Cairo. The King’s chamber was built by the largest granite stones that weigh 25 to 80 tonnes and were transported from Aswan. Khufu Pyramid was covered by white casing stones.
The Chambers of the Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza contains three chambers. The King’s and the queen’s chambers are in a higher position from the pyramid. There is another chamber in a lower position that is unfinished. The main part of the pyramid consists of two temples that were built to honor King Khufu, three small pyramids for Khufu’s wife, a smaller “Satellite” pyramid, and small mastaba tombs for the nobles.
What you Can Find Inside the Great Pyramid of Giza
The entrance of the Khufu Pyramid is in the north. There is an ascending passage that is 39.9 meters and a descending passage that has the same width. In the end, you reach the grand gallery which is 1.04 wide, 8.6 meters high, and 46.68 long. Its floor consists of a shelf on each side. There are 54 slots on the shelves. There is a horizontal passage leading to The Queen’s chamber which is exactly halfway between the north and south faces of the pyramid. There are shafts in the north and south walls of it, which were explored by the German engineer Rudolf Gantenbrink in 1993. There is also the big void which may have been a gap used in the construction of the Grand Gallery. The King’s chamber is 10.47 meters from east to west and 5.234 meters north to south. It is totally faced with granite. There is a modern entrance that was built by Caliph Al-Ma’mun’s workers through which tourists enter the Great Pyramid nowadays.
Interesting Facts About the Great Pyramid of Giza
- The ancient name of the Great Giza Pyramid was Khufu’s Horizon.
- It is the only pyramid that has passages inside to go up and down.
- No writing or Hieroglyphics is found inside the Pyramid.
- It is the only pyramid with concave sides.
- We don’t have the technology of the Ancient Egyptians to build such a pyramid.
- King Khufu didn’t intend to use the Queen’s chamber for any of his wives but to place his own statue.
- It is the last remaining Wonder of the Ancient World.
The Greatness Awaits Within the Embrace of Egypt
There is no wonder why this pyramid is one of the seven wonders of the world. It is the best example of human dignity, strength, civilization, and determination. It’s will be amazing to witness this wonderful architecture. Through our Egypt tour packages, you have a great chance to discover the great pyramid of Giza beside to the best ancient sites of Pharaohs around Egypt. You can also enjoy amazing Nile cruises to explore the hidden attractions of Upper Egypt. It’s time to have an unforgettable journey in Egypt, Check our tours and book us now:
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What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?
You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.
What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?
You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?
Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.
Why book Trips in Egypt?
We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.
Is it safe to travel to Egypt?
Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.
What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?
They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.
What is the Weather is Like?
The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?
It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.
Should I Give Tips in Egypt?
It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.
Can I Enter the Pyramids?
Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.
How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?
Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.