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Queen Hatshepsut

Who is Queen Hatshepsut

Queen Hatshepsut ruled as the fifth pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt. She was a female pharaoh after the female rulers Niethotep, Queen Merneith, Nimaethap, and Sobekneferu but it is a fact that she reigned longer than any other woman. Queen Hatshepsut reached the throne of Egypt in 1478 B.C with Thutmose III; her stepson. She was the main wife of Thutmose II and she is considered by the majority of Egyptologists the most successful and impressive pharaoh all through the history of ancient Egyptians. Here you will find everything about the history & heritage of queen Hatshepsut to figure out why she is considered one of the most memorable queens in the world:

Queen Hatshepsut Family Tree

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Queen Hatshepsut was the only daughter to Thutmose I and his wife queen Ahmose I. She married Thutmose II, her half-brother, who was the son of Thutmose I from a secondary wife called Mutnofret and she got a daughter from him called Neferu-Ra. Thutmose II married another one called Isis and got his son Thutmose III. Queen Hatshepsut had to take some measures to protect herself as a ruler as she was a woman in a man’s position. She decided to depict herself as a daughter of the god Amun, the most powerful deity of his time.

Queen Hatshepsut Reign

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Queen Hatshepsut reigned during the New Kingdom of Egypt, which starts in 1570 B.C and ended in 1069 B.C. this kingdom began with the expulsion of the foreign Hyksos from Egypt by Ahmose.  Other Rulers who followed Ahmose continued in the same campaigns just like Thutmose I and of course his daughter Hatshepsut. Prince Mentuhotep II united Egypt at the beginning of the Middle Kingdom and made Thebes the capital of Egypt and Amun became Thebes’s God. Amun’s Temple was established under the reign of Senusret I at Karnak in Thebes. Thutmose II’s wife was the one who appointed her daughter to be the wife of Amun and from this point, Queen Hatshepsut started to know the power of authority.

Queen Hatshepsut Facts

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Queen Hatshepsut was appointed to the regent of the young King Thutmose III after the death of her husband Thutmose II. Thutmose III ruled with his mother Queen Hatshepsut until 1473 when she declared herself a pharaoh. She ruled as a male and followed the obligations of the ruler who preceded her. She also married her daughter to Thutmose III. This marriage lasted for about seven years until the death of Neferu Ra. Queen Hatshepsut learned the language of the clergy and understood the rituals associated with the god, as she was the god’s daughter. She even inscribed an oracle claiming that Amun foretold that she would become pharaoh to strengthen her position as a queen of Egypt.

Queen Hatshepsut Achievements

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Queen Hatshepsut had many terrific public works and she even commissioned her temple at Deir El-Bahri at Thebes “Queen Hatshepsut Temple”, which includes some reliefs curved inside showing that Queen Hatshepsut has divine origins as a daughter of God Amun. She even claimed that her father Thutmose I made her his Co-Ruler before her marriage to Thutmose II. This temple is considered the most impressive architectural achievement of Hatshepsut’s builders. The ancient name of that temple was Djeser-Djeseru “the most sacred of sacred places.”Senenmut, her main steward, helped her in all of her affairs and being able to rule the state in an impressive way.

Queen Hatshepsut ruled for about 22 years and during that time, she was responsible for building projects more than any other pharaoh in addition to the fact that her reign period was a period of peace and prosperity and she sent military expeditions against the neighboring countries of Syria and Nubia. Queen Hatshepsut added a lot to the Temple of Mut at Karnak from further temples, monuments, and the two magnificent obelisks in the entrance by the clever architect Ineni. The Unfinished Obelisk in Aswan would have been one of the best projects of Hatshepsut but unfortunately, during its construction and while removing the block of stone from its mother bedrock, a huge crack appeared that made the stone unusable.

Queen Hatshepsut and Her Voyage to Punt

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Punt is located in the southeastern of Africa and it was known as “The Land’s of Gods”. Hatshepsut’s trip to Punt in the ninth year of her reign was very successful as she brought back all goodly fragrant woods of God’s-land, heaps of myrrh-resin with fresh with ebony, a pure ivory, and green gold of Emu, with myrrh trees. There is very interesting information that no ruler before Queen Hatshepsut had been successful in Punt like her.

Queen Hatshepsut Death

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Queen Hatshepsut died in 1458 B.C and scientists believe that the main reason for her death was using an ointment to alleviate a chronic genetic skin condition, which contained a toxic ingredient.

Queen Hatshepsut Mummy

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Queen Hatshepsut mummy was discovered in Valley of the Kings in 2007 and she looked in her fifties when she died. She was suffering from diabetes and wearing black and red nail polish in addition to having a desire for perfume. Her corpse was even hidden from Thutmose III as they were afraid that he was going to desecrate the corpse. The mummy of Queen Hatshepsut was identified through matching a tooth known to be Hatshepsut’s with an empty socket in the mummy’s jaw and DNA testing with Queen Hatshepsut’s grandmother. Despite the destruction of most of her major works, her memory can’t be erased from our minds as the most successful female Egyptian ruler.

The Destruction of Queen Hatshepsut Monuments by Her Stepson Thutmose III

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Soon after her death, her co-ruler Thutmose III succeeded the female pharaoh and didn’t honor her although she had a burial in Valley of the Kings. Monuments were attacked, Hatshepsut’s statues dragged down and smashed immediately after her death. Her image and titles defaced by Thutmose III to gain credit for some of the successes Queen Hatshepsut experienced during her rule. By doing this, he thought that he is going to be Egypt’s greatest pharaoh. All his destruction work was due to his deep grudge and he wanted to make sure that no one could challenge his son Amenhotep II for the throne. Thutmose III was afraid that the illustrious reign of a woman would inspire other women to seek positions of power. Cleopatra VII came at the end of the 19th century and ruled Egypt as a female ruler.

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Finally, If you are fond of traveling to explore the historical sites in Egypt, we think the chance to discover Egypt through our Egypt tour packages is enough to satisfy your adventure needs and explore the landmarks of Egypt in a way most can only dream of. Embark on a great tour to the ancient sites of Cairo and Luxor, board one of our Nile cruises between Luxor & Aswan, enjoy the true relaxing in the pearl of the Red Sea “Hurghada”. Don’t miss the chance and book us now:

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FAQ

What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?

You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.

What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?

You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?

Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.

Why book Trips in Egypt?

We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.

Is it safe to travel to Egypt?

Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.

What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?

They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.

What is the Weather is Like?

The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?

It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.

Should I Give Tips in Egypt?

It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.

Can I Enter the Pyramids?

Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.

How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?

Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.

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About Trips In Egypt

Trips In Egypt was founded in 2002 when it launched, since then the company specialized in providing trips in Egypt only which includes tour packages, vacations, Nile cruises, day trips, shore excursions, and any kind of trips in Egypt.

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