Pyramid Of Unas
The Pyramid of Unas is a rare piece of beauty and greatness that is found hidden in the sands of Saqqara to contain the most marvelous monuments and facts ever discovered in the long and vast history of ancient Egypt which spanned for over thousands of years. This small piece of archaeological brilliance holds some of the most magnificent artifacts and holy texts which are able to shed the mythical beliefs and mentality of the ancient Egyptians.
This pyramid holds a great wealth of knowledge and has the power to provide a clear vision of the influence and innovation of the ancient Egyptian royalty of the 5th dynasty during the 24th century BC. Within every corner and in the heart of the pyramid are magical symbols and texts plus a great wealth of art and knowledge which makes this golden attraction worthy of exploring. This article is all the information needed to get the full picture of this magnificent monument.
Location & How to Get to the Pyramid Of Unas
The pyramid is located in the golden plateau of northern Saqqara on the southwest of the magical funerary complex of Djoser and is found on the field line that leads between the pyramid of Menkauhor and the pyramid of Sekhemkhet.
Pyramid Of Unas History, Who and Why Built It
The pyramid of Unas is known as Nefer Asut Unas which means "Beautiful are the cult places of Unas", "Perfect are the places of Unas", and "The Places of Unas Are Complete". This marvelous pyramid was created by the 9th ruler and the final king of the 5th dynasty of the old kingdom of Egypt (2700–2200 BC). It was built just 300 years after the great step pyramid of Saqqara to be his tomb and offer him the chance to head into the afterlife and join his rightful place with the gods of ancient Egypt.
What makes the pyramid important in the history of ancient Egyptian pyramid construction is for the first time in history the interior of the pyramid showed great innovation in funerary practices. Within the area are a number of tombs belonging to the second dynasty of Nebra, Hotepsekhemwy, and Ninetjer. A number of private individuals' tombs from dating to the 18th and 20th dynasties and powerful officials from the 5th dynasty plus tombs that date back all the way to the Saite era (664–525 BC) and the Persian period (525–404 BC) which was known as “Persian tombs”.
The pyramid was excavated in 1881 by gaston Maspero who discovered the pyramid of Pepi I. In the modern era during the early days of the 20th century, a number of excavations and architectural surveys took place across the decades which were able to shed light on the brilliance of Egyptian builders. In 2001, the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities made a number of reconstructions and restorations across this marvelous creation.
Pyramid of Unas Texts
The Pyramid of Una's texts is a collection of ancient Egyptian religious spells and prayers that were inscribed on the walls of the pyramid of Pharaoh Unas, the last ruler of the Fifth Dynasty. They are considered to be one of the oldest religious texts in the history of ancient Egypt dating back to around 2475 BCE. The Pyramid texts of Unas have been an important source of information for scholars studying ancient Egyptian religion, mythology, and language. They have also been used to reconstruct the beliefs and practices of the ancient Egyptians, as well as to better understand the development of religious thought in ancient Egypt.
The Pyramid texts of Unas cover a wide range of themes and subjects engraved across the interior of the temple which is Creation stories and hymns to the gods showcased across these texts that offer a glimpse into ancient Egyptian beliefs about the creation of the world and the role of the gods in maintaining order. Spells for protection and renewal are showcased across the texts which include spells that were intended to protect the deceased pharaoh from harm and to renew his life and strength in the afterlife.
Journeys to the afterlife are displayed across the texts which provide instructions and guidance for the pharaoh's journey to the afterlife, including directions for navigating the underworld and overcoming obstacles along the way. The nature of the soul is discovered across the Pyramid Texts of Unas that provide insight into ancient Egyptian beliefs about the soul, including the idea that the soul is immortal and capable of surviving death.
The texts are written in Old Egyptian, a stage of the Egyptian language that predates the classical language of the pharaonic period. They consist of over 1000 spells and prayers and only 283 of them are known & deciphered; they were intended to help the deceased pharaoh make a successful journey to the afterlife and provide him with the necessary resources and protection along the way. There are known as the most preserved and smallest collection of pyramid texts which date all the way to the old kingdom and appeared frequently during the times of the 6th dynasty all the way to the 8th dynasty.
The main function of the funerary literature and this text is responsible for uniting the ba and ka into the Ankh and securing his eternal life with the ancient Egyptian gods within the heavens. The ancient Egyptian belief followed the concept that every person is made of three parts the body, "The Ba, and the Ka" which represent the two parts of the soul. When everyone dies, the ka leaves the body to return with the gods and the ba stays with the body then when the mummy is put in the burial chamber the ba begins its journey to the afterlife.
The united soul makes its way to the horizon "Akhet" the place of resurrection. The texts show the transformation of the king into an effective being known as the Akh who was resurrected from the dead. Some of the texts declared him as a version of the god Osiris under the name "Osiris Unas". There are early parts of the coffin texts which made the initial basis for the book of the dead made in the book of dead during the New Kingdom of Egypt (1570 – 1050 BC).
The Structure of Unas pyramid
The pyramid of Unas used to be a smooth-sided pyramid made of limestone. It has a height of 43 m (141 ft; 82 cu) on a base of 57.75 m (189 ft; 110 cu), a Volume of 47,390 m3 (61,980 cu yd) with a slope of 56°18'35". The pyramid is known as the smallest pyramid ever built in the old kingdom despite the long reign of Unas which lasted for 33 years. The pyramid was ruined with time due to the lack of materials and poor construction methods. His funerary complex is located between the southwest corner of the pyramid complex of Djoser and the pyramid of Sekhemkhet. The Pyramid is in total symmetry which is the pyramid of Userkaf at the northeast corner of Saqqara.
The complex is made of the main pyramid, a valley temple, a mortuary temple, a causeway, and a cult pyramid which are all enclosed by a perimeter wall of 7 m (23 ft; 13 cu) tall. The pyramid is made of 6 high steps of limestone, the valley temple is found at the mouth of a wadi within a natural harbor, the same wadi used to be a path, and the mortuary temple is similar to one of the pyramids of Djedkare and across the southern part of the mortuary temple is the cult pyramid. The are two temples linked by the long causeway. The remains of the valley temple are viewed as the modern entrance to the magical area of Saqqara.
This heavenly 750 m long causeway is extremely decorated and was reused and used by future rulers plus it holds a number of columns that are decorated with a number of painted relief scenes plus images of people starving during his era. There are about 450 m long boat pits located south of the causeway and over 200 tombs that have been excavated which belong to royal members such as the Tomb of Niankhkhnum and Khnumhotep, the Tomb of Neferherenptah, and the Tomb of Irukaptah.
Pyramid of Unas Inside
The interior of the Pyramid of Unas consists of a series of chambers and passages, some of which are decorated with the Pyramid Texts. The entrance to the pyramid is located on its north side, and from there, a descending passage leads to a series of chambers and passages. The largest chamber is the burial chamber, where the pharaoh's sarcophagus was placed. The walls of the burial chamber and passages were decorated with intricate carvings and inscriptions, including the Pyramid Texts. The Pyramid texts are the oldest religious texts in ancient Egypt, and they were written in hieroglyphs to ensure the pharaoh's safe journey to the afterlife.
The inscriptions were intended to provide the pharaoh with protection and guidance in the afterlife, and they include spells, hymns, and prayers to various gods. There are a number of rooms found underneath the pyramid made of limestone. The burial chamber holds the black basalt sarcophagus representing the fertile earth surrounded by white alabaster walls that have beautiful blue hieroglyphs plus a false door and a great ceiling with the dark blue sky which offered beautiful imagery.
Everyone will uncover the everlasting greatness and majesty of this blessed red pyramid that showcases the most enriching details and tales. Our Egypt vacations and Nile cruise holidays will be the key to discovering all the golden and mythical treasures of Egypt that explore how the ancient Egyptian civilization created a number of immortal wonders that embodied the glorious legacy of this magnificent civilization.
Great vacation for 4 days in Cairo Egypt accompanied by an e...
4 Days / 3 Nights
An Incredible 5 days Cairo & Alexandria tour package to expl...
5 Days / 4 Nights
Explore Egypt's ancient wonders on a 6 days vacation to Cair...
6 Days / 5 Nights
Breathtaking 7 days Cairo, Luxor & Hurghada holiday to explo...
7 Days / 6 Nights
What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?
You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.
What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?
You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?
Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.
Why book Trips in Egypt?
We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.
Is it safe to travel to Egypt?
Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.
What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?
They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.
What is the Weather is Like?
The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?
It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.
Should I Give Tips in Egypt?
It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.
Can I Enter the Pyramids?
Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.
How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?
Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.
Share Your Comment