Ancient Egyptian intellect and brilliance know no bounds, they had a magical imagination and foresight which enabled them to explore and experiment with many ideas in order to gain a more reasonable understanding of the universe. With the use of ancient Egyptian inventions, they were able to document their lives to the smallest details and safeguard all the amazing gadgets and discoveries they made. Here is a list of ancient Egyptian inventions in all the fields:
Ancient Egyptian Inventions
Through their amazing gifts, unlimited sources and infinite time, the ancient Egyptian inventions were able to make important contributions toward architecture, mathematics, science, art, and linguistics. They were able to attract the attention of the ancient Greek empire which viewed Egypt as the land of mystery, wisdom, and wonder. Egypt will always be recognized as the first civilization in history to spin the wheel of innovation.
Ancient Egyptian Inventions in Language & Literature
They were able to create the art of writing and express their ideas through the usage of pictures and pictographic signs but they eventually were able to create a writing system made of 24 alphabets in 3200 B.C.E this radical thinking was set as a foundation for the creation of the alphabets all over the world and influenced the creation of speech and writing which encourage other civilizations like the Phoenicians and the Greek to create their own as it was discovered on the Rosetta stone in 1799 A.D.
The ancient Egyptian civilization was the first civilization to move from stone tablets to writing on papyrus using pen and ink which they created in 3000 B.C.E. Through their writing system they were able to create marvelous works of art that reflected their beliefs, legends, and knowledge like “The Pyramid Texts”, “The Coffin Texts”, and “The Book of the Dead”. They had many languages through the ages which are :
- Archaic Egyptian (before 2600 B.C.E.)
- Old Egyptian (2600–2000 B.C.E.)
- Middle Egyptian (2000–1300 B.C.E.)
- Late Egyptian (1300–700 B.C.E.)
- Demotic Egyptian (7th century B.C.E.–4th-century C.E.)
- Coptic (3rd– 12th-century C.E)
Ancient Egyptian Inventions in Mathematics & Architecture
They were highly gifted when it came to the field of mathematics as they invented the basic and complex fractions as shown in the papyrus written in 1650 B.C.E and the earliest mentioned use of a decimal system was in 3100 B.C.E. they were highly efficient in division, multiplication, subtraction, and addition, plus they created various techniques to perform these calculations which are still used in modern-day computing.
When it came to architecture they had the greatest achievements as some of the most marvelous structures can be found all over Egypt. By using their advanced architecture and knowledge in the shapes of triangles, squares, quadrangles, and other shapes and using them in making a precise measurements.
They were able to build amazing monuments which stood the test of time like the Giza pyramids complex, the entire city of Karnak, plus a huge number of well-designed and crafted monuments across Egypt which acted as an inspiration for the Greek civilization to create their own stunning buildings. The ancient Egyptians were the first to invent custom-made brick, cement, the usage copper plumbing in irrigation, the use of precise surveying in 2700 B.C.E to build their breathtaking structure and create an astronomical calendar in 2400 B.C.E which is still in common use today due to its accurate regularity.
Ancient Egyptian Inventions in Medicine
They truly innovated in the art of human anatomy that started in 3000 B.C.E. the Egyptian doctors were very famous all across the Mediterranean and had a positive reputation as they were able to stitch up wounds, repair broken wounds, and create prosthetic which is something unheard off at that time, also they used opium as a painkiller and consumed garlic and onions on a daily basis because of their health benefits.
They cared very deeply about their dental hygiene as they used history’s first toothbrush and toothpaste. They treated the wounds and performed complex surgeries using the bronze surgical tool in 2700 B.C.E.
Ancient Egyptian Inventions in Philosophy & History
They were true masters of empiricism and the first to explore the philosophy of life, art, morality, and existence. They made profound discoveries on the concepts of creation, afterlife, and how to regulate one’s life such as Ptahotep “the provincial ruler of Memphis” who wrote the first recorded philosophy book in history entitles”Instruction to Ptahotep” centuries before Confucius, Budda, and Socrates.
They built the first postal service in history and were considered to be the world’s first historians as they documented their life on the wall of their temples, papyrus and stone tablets like the “Rosetta Stone” which held the key to deciphering the ancient Egyptian language and unlock many mysteries about their history and culture.
Ancient Egyptian Inventions in Ships, Trade & Farming
The ancient Egyptians were excellent traders and know their way around a boat, plus they create many good diplomatic relations with their neighbors like Sudan, Phonesia, Crate, Greece, Persia, and many others. Egypt was considered a hot spot for trade in the Mediterranean and many valuable goods like cattle, gold, wine from Asia or precious stones from Persia or copper from Senia.
They used their high intellect in the field of aerodynamics and shipbuilding tactics to develop a network of boats to transport goods and people and create a powerful naval force. In 1160 B.C.E, the ancient Egyptians were able to create the earliest form of the geological and topographic map of their region. Also, through their observation of the cycle of the Nile, they were able to create the oldest irrigation system and were able to build sickle blades and plows driven by oxen to loosen the dry soil.
Ancient Egyptian Inventions in Craftsmanship, Art, and Entertainment
When it came to the concept of artistic design, the ancient Egyptians were able to infuse beauty and wonder into solid objects and create something truly enchanting. The ancient Egyptians created immortal works of art such as paintings, drawings, and various temples. they were pioneers in the field of metallurgy as they made bronze in 3300 B.C.E by merging copper and tin together, they used bronze to create various tools such as hunting tools like knives, arrow, heads, fishing hooks, weapons such as swords, helmets and shields and many carpentry tools like saws, axes, and chisels from bronze.
They are known for inventing the pottery wheel which allowed the mass production of various vases and crockery in 3500 BC. They invented glass in 1500 BC by using silica sand and soda. They invented and used various forms of cosmetics, wigs and stylish jewelry. They had many board game-like Senet in 3100 BC.
Learn All the Capabilities of Ancient Egyptians With “Trips in Egypt”
Egypt gave birth to many original ideas and inventions which we still use until which enabled the country to build an unforgettable legacy, so it will be amazing to explore these ancient Egyptian inventions with an expert tour guide which “Trips in Egypt” provide through our majestic Egypt tour packages or luxury Nile cruise holidays.
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What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?
You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.
What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?
You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?
Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.
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Is it safe to travel to Egypt?
Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.
What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?
They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.
What is the Weather is Like?
The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?
It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.
Should I Give Tips in Egypt?
It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.
Can I Enter the Pyramids?
Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.
How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?
Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.
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