Memphis Egypt city was the ancient capital of Egypt and was also a very important center all through the history of Egypt. The ruins of ancient Memphis Egypt are located south of the Nile River, on the River’s west bank about 20 km south of Cairo. It was closely associated with the cemeteries or necropolises of Egypt where you can find the famous Giza pyramids and great monuments related to the marvelous Egyptian Civilization. It had about 30,000 inhabitants and was the largest settlement until 2250 B.C.The main cities, towns, pyramid fields from north to south are Giza, Abu- Ruwaysh, Zawiyat Al-Aryan, Saqqara, and Dahshur. Here all things to know about Memphis city:
Memphis Egypt City
The Great History of Memphis Egypt
This Ancient City of Memphis Egypt dates back to the last couple of centuries BC during the Greco-Roman period. It was the seat of power of the Old Kingdom of Egypt (2686—2181 BC) of, the special home to the Egyptian pharaohs, who raised the pyramids. Most of the great pyramids were built in the time when the city of Memphis Egypt was the capital and the most powerful city in Egypt. The most impressive thing about this city is the statue of Ramesses II that measures over 30 feet tall. It shows that the city remained important even 1500 years after the Giza Pyramids were completed.
Interesting Facts About Memphis Egypt
The great Memphis Egypt city was the capital of ancient Egypt for eight consecutive dynasties and it reached a peak of flourishment during the rule of the 6th dynasty as the center worship of Ptah “The God of Creation and Artworks“. The main focus of worship in the city was the creator god Ptah, his consort Sekhmet, and their son Nefertem.
Tutankhamun “1332-1323 B.C.” relocated the royal court from Akhenaten to Memphis city at the end of the second year of his reign. He established temples and traditions following the monotheistic era of Atenism. There were also tombs of important officials from Tutankhamun’s reign such as Horemheb and Maya, which are located in Saqqara. The city was further developed under the reign of Ramses II, who devoted many monuments in Memphis Egypt and adorned them with colossal symbols of glory. His successor Merneptah established a palace and renewed the wall of Ptah Temple. Ramses II established many religious constructions within the 21st and 22nd dynasties.
It was at the main heart of the turmoil produced by the huge Assyrian threat. However, in 332 B.C, Alexander the Great was crowned pharaoh in the temple of Ptah. He had many contributions especially the religious ones. When he died, he was buried in the temple of Ptah. After the rise of Thebes, the New Kingdom of Egypt, Memphis Egypt started to decline after the 18th dynasty during the Ptolemaic dynasty and it falls in the second place after the foundation of Alexandria city. Alexandria remained the most important Egyptian city. Memphis Egypt city remained the second city until the establishment of Fustat city in 641 C.E.
Best Attractions You Can See in Memphis Egypt
The Great Temple of Ptah
This wonderful temple was dedicated to god Ptah, the god of creation and artworks. It was considered to be the largest and most important temples in Ancient Egypt. It was one of the three most important places of worship in Ancient Egypt, the others are of Ra in Heliopolis, and of Amun in Thebes.
Temple of Ptah Built by Ramses II
This magnificent temple was dedicated to Ramses II, along with the three-state gods: Amun, Ptah, and Horus. Its ruins were discovered in 1942. It reveals that the southern part of the city contained a large number of religious buildings with great devotion to god Ptah, the main god in Memphis Egypt city.
Temple of Hathor
This small temple was dedicated to goddess Hathor. It represents a cultural similarity to the Karnak Temple. This shrine was primarily used for professional purposes during major religious festivals.
Temple of Ptah Built by the Pharaoh Merneptah
The pharaoh Merneptah was the one who dedicated this temple to the god Ptah. It was discovered in the 20th century by Flinders Petrie. It was buried by the activities of the city and was already in ruins.
Temple of Ptah and Sekhmet Built by Rameses II
It is attributed to the 19th dynasty and has been dedicated to Ptah and his consort Sekhmet. In it, there are two giant statues, dating from the middle kingdom. These two statues were moved to the museum in Memphis city.
The Necropolis of Saqqara
It is located in the northwest of the city of Memphis Egypt. It has many tomb and cemeteries including Saqqara Step Pyramid, which was built during the third dynasty for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by Imhotep. It is the first Egyptian Pyramid that consists of six Mastabas.
Step within Immortal Miracles with “Trips in Egypt”
Get the amazing chance through our Egypt travel packages where you will have unforgettable holiday to visit the enchanting monuments around Egypt including the Memphis necropolis. Also through our Nile cruise holidays, you will explore the wonders of Upper Egypt such as the temples, and tombs of Luxor and Aswan. Don’t miss our chance and check our tours below to choose your favorite one:
Great vacation for 4 days in Cairo Egypt accompanied by an e...
4 Days / 3 Nights
An Incredible 5 days Cairo & Alexandria tour package to expl...
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Explore Egypt's ancient wonders on a 6 days vacation to Cair...
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What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?
You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.
What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?
You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?
Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.
Why book Trips in Egypt?
We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.
Is it safe to travel to Egypt?
Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.
What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?
They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.
What is the Weather is Like?
The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?
It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.
Should I Give Tips in Egypt?
It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.
Can I Enter the Pyramids?
Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.
How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?
Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.