Ancient Egyptian Art
Ancient Egyptian art is one of the most fascinating and enigmatic forms of art in the world. It reflects the culture and lifestyle of the ancient Egyptians, as it holds many secrets and stories that have been passed down through the ages, from the earliest known forms of hieroglyphs to the stunningly beautiful paintings and sculptures of the New Kingdom, the ancient Egyptian art has captivated people for millennia. It is a testament to the skill and creativity of the ancient Egyptians, and it is a window into their past.
Whether it is the mysterious hieroglyphs or the beautiful statues of ancient Egyptian deities and pharaohs, ancient Egyptian art is a powerful symbol of the culture and history of this ancient Egyptian civilization. The ancient Egyptians must be seen from the point of the ancient Egyptians themselves, as they were guided by religious philosophy. Egyptian art was characterized by unbelievable features such as high-quality detailed deceptions such as Gods, nature, battles, and human beings like kings, ministries, and royals. Ancient Egyptians desired to preserve everything from their present as plainly until hell freezes over.
The History Timeline of Ancient Egyptian Art
The art of ancient Egyptians refers to the period between the 6th millennium BC, and the 4th century AD. The ancient Egyptians have left behind a legacy of art and culture that continues to fascinate and inspire us in this day and age, from the Great pyramids of Giza to the hieroglyphs of the tombs and temples, as the art of ancient Egypt is mysterious. The ancient Egyptians believed in the power of art to express their beliefs and honor their gods and pharaohs.
Ancient Egyptians created a vast of art in a wide range from sculptures, pottery, and paintings to jewelry, furniture, and even papyrus scrolls. Through their art, the ancient Egyptians were able to pass down their beliefs, culture, and history. The art of ancient Egypt is considered a window into the past, and its legacy continues to inspire and delight us today and in the future. Three kingdoms had the most incredible arts in history:
The Art History in the Old Kingdom of Egypt (2686-2181 BC)
This period was named "The Age of the Pyramids" or "The age of the Pyramids builders". King Senefru brought perfection to art when he built the Pyramids such as the Bent Pyramid & the Red pyramid, and also the Giza Pyramids which were built under the kings of "Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure", this period was preceded by two periods that marked the high standards of a great civilization such as (the Pyramid of Djoser, a statue of Menkaure with Hathorn and Cynopolis, and a portrait statue of Dersenedj).
The Art History in the Middle Kingdom of Egypt (2055-1650 BC)
After the unification of the middle kingdom, the kings of the eleventh, and twelfth Dynasties were able to concentrate on art and return to the political aims of the old kingdom. In the twelfth Dynasty, the artworks had reached a perfect style as they were influenced by the royal workshops. Art in the middle kingdom had achieved a high standard that was never surpassed before such as (the Osiride statue of the first pharaoh, a portrait head of an Egyptian from Thebes, and a coffin of Senbi).
The Art History in the New Kingdom of Egypt (1550-1069 BC)
This period was one of the most and finest art. The art of ancient Egypt was unparalleled in its beauty and grandeur. Throughout the centuries, its incredible works of art have been admired and studied by scholars from all around the world.
The art of ancient Egypt was influenced by the religious beliefs of the time. The gods and goddesses were an important part of everyday life, and religion was an integral part of ancient Egyptian culture, as well as depictions of the kings and pharaohs. This art was also used to express the beliefs of the people. Things like the tomb of Tutankhamun, Ramses II Statues, the temple of Abu Simbel, and the bust of Nefertiti were great examples of ancient Egyptian art and their existence was marked for hundreds of centuries until now.
Symbolism in Ancient Egyptian Art
Symbolism pervaded ancient art and played a great role in establishing a sense of order and had been influenced by the elements of nature. Ancient Egyptian art is filled with symbols and meanings that can often provide insight into the culture and beliefs of that time. Ancient Egyptian symbols like the Ankh, the Tyet, the Wadjet, the Eye of Horus, and the winged sun disk represented gods and goddesses, power, protection, and life, providing a unique art into the past. Here are the most famous ancient Egyptian symbols:
- The Ankh: This symbolizes the concept of life. This symbol is associated with "The Knot of the Goddess Isis" and her powerful cult.
- The Tyet: This symbolizes the concept of feminism power, love, security, and protection, it also reflects the concept of life and death.
- The Wadjet (the eye of Horus): This symbolizes the concept of good health, good luck, sacrifice, and healing. The eye of Horus represents the incredible abilities of the sky, as it was believed to have been used to ward off evil and help provide protection against the gods.
- The Ouroboros: This symbolizes the concept of infinity and time. This symbol appeared in the tomb of king Tutankhamun who was buried in the fourteenth century.
- The Cartouche: This symbolizes good luck, and protection from evil in life during life and after death, which is why it can be seen located in ancient Egyptian tombs.
- The Ka: This symbolizes the concept of the soul, rebirth, and afterlife. It explains the soul which was given by Gods to mankind.
- The Seba: this symbolizes the concept of the afterlife, stars, and religion. It is connected to the new beginning, guidance, and learning.
- The Canopic Jar: This symbolizes the concept of mummification, burial, transformation, and protection. Every Canopic jar represents the four sons of God Horus to provide eliminate protection.
- Nemes Headdress: This symbolizes the concept of the pharaoh, power, royalty, authority, and Egyptian Regalia. It represents the Royal "Ka", and it could be seen on the head of the Pharaoh, and deities across history.
- Khet: This symbolizes the concept of the physical body, which means the soul that survived until the time of judgment.
- The Feather of Ma’at: This symbolizes the concept of justice, balance, truth, order, and law. It played a great role in deciding the fate of each soul whether the deeds of the soul are good or bad.
The ancient Egyptian symbols include an infinite number of great symbols and many stories to talk about, you can explore some of them by contacting us to arrange an unforgettable tour to the most historical places in Egypt to witness the glory of the Gods and Goddesses of Egypt, as the art of ancient Egypt continues to inspire and mesmerize people of all ages.
Animals and Colors Art in Ancient Egypt
Animals and colors were symbolic also in ancient Egyptian art. The ancient Egyptian language had four basic colors, and they were:
Symbols of Colors:
- Blue Color: Symbolizes the concept of life-giving, the birth of the Nile, and fertility.
- Blue & Green Colors: these symbolize the concept of rebirth, resurrection, and rejuvenation.
- Yellow Color: this color symbolizes the God of the sun "Ra", and wealth.
- Silver Color: this color symbolizes the bones of Gods, this color was made of azurite, and malachite.
- Red Color: this color symbolizes the bones of the flesh of the Gods, this color was made of iron oxides.
- Black Color: This color symbolizes death and the deities of the funerary, that color was made of carbon.
Sculpture Art in Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egyptian art is renowned for its sculptures, which served as a way to honor and venerate the gods of Egypt and the Pharaohs of the time. These sculptures were often made of precious materials such as gold, silver, and bronze. The sculptures also often featured a range of colors, including blue, red, yellow, and black. Some of the most famous and iconic sculptures from ancient Egyptian art include the Great Sphinx of Giza, the Bust of Nefertiti, and the Colossus of Ramses II.
The statues were built for eternal life for the queens and kings, and to enable the public to see them in their physical form. Ancient Egyptians had some rules such as creating statues of men in an older maturity, as the regeneration of aging was a great thing for men. Women were presented in a gorgeous form as they were created young, and beautiful, unlike men. Early tombs included small models of animals, buildings, slaves, and other objects to serve the King or the Queen in the afterlife.
Painting & Drawing Art in Ancient Egypt
The painting was an integral part of ancient Egyptian art, and its role was to capture the beauty of the world. The painting was used to decorate the walls of temples, tombs, and private homes. Ancient Egyptian paintings used a variety of techniques to create their art, such as whitewashing the wall and sometimes covering it with mud plaster before the painting.
The Varnish applied protection of the wall as it was used to protect it from the dry climate of Egypt. There was a purpose for painting such art as they believed that these paintings are such a joy for the man’s afterlife. These Paintings were shown in blue, black, gold, red, green, and yellow.
Hieroglyph Art in Ancient Egypt
For centuries, most lives of the ancient Egyptians were a mystery, as we could not reach the whole details, we just had a glimpse into their mysterious world until we discovered the Rosetta stone as it was the main key to decoding hieroglyphs.
Hieroglyph language means "Sacred Craving", these symbols were not just amazing, and unique symbols, but represented -a spoken life- of the Great civilization from romantic poetry, tax return, and shopping lists to the great battles they had. Writing hieroglyphs required unbelievable skills, this reflects how amazed the ancient Egyptians were and how unique they were.
Ultimately, Ancient Egyptian art is one of the most appealing in the world, as it represents the ability, greatness, and creativity of ancient Egyptian people, as they had many great works that still a reminder of the legacy of their civilization, from tomb paintings to sculptures, objects of daily life, and jewelry, the art of the ancient Egyptians has a unique style that makes it special this the day and age. Egyptian art is a testament to the skill and creativity of the ancient Egyptians that continues to be studied and admired today.
Check out our Egypt holiday packages and select your unforgettable tour to explore the Great pyramids, the museum, and the most important attractions of Cairo, which have a range of art from thousands of centuries. Make your trip to Egypt an unforgettable experience by booking one of our Nile cruises to explore upper Egypt which has two-thirds of the monuments of the world, and choose the tour best suited to you. Start planning with us now!
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What Should I Wear While Being in Egypt?
You should wear whatever you want. It is advised to wear something light from cotton or linen, comfortable and put on sunblock during your time in Egypt in the summer and wear comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the sandy terrain.
What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?
You should bring a brimmed hat and sunglasses if you not used to the Egyptian sun &pack everything you could ever need and put in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.
Are All Nile Cruises Available at Any Time?
Yes, it is available all years. as the Nile from Aswan to Luxor takes three to four days of sailing on Monday, Wednesday and Friday for the total cost of 600$ and the Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan take four to five days in Saturday, Monday and Thursday for the coast of 650$.
Why book Trips in Egypt?
We have experience in vacation planning for more than 10 years & our staff consists of the most professional operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort create the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time advisors to fit your every possible need during your time in egypt. we always keep in mind that your safety & comfort are our main priority until you return home.
Is it safe to travel to Egypt?
Yes, it is absolutely safe to travel to egypt, You will feel secure in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is very peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt and construct an entire environment dedicated for ensuring the lives of all tourists.
What are Egypt's Visa Requirements?
They are very simples, If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries(check the link), have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD entry fee in cash. As for the E-Visa for 30 days, you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could be one of the countries eligible for a free visa for 90 days.
What is the Weather is Like?
The temperature of Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c, Summer in Egypt is somehow hot and winter is cool and mild but sometimes it becomes cold at night. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 23 ¡ÆC in the summertime and average high temperatures vary from 17 ¡ÆC in the wintertime to 32 ¡ÆC in the summertime while the temperature is moderate all along the coasts.
What is the Best Time of Visit Egypt?
It is known the best time to travel to Egypt is in the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical, a warm atmosphere with a winter breeze. You will also be notified a week before your trip if the weather is unsafe or if any changes have been made.
Should I Give Tips in Egypt?
It is totally up to you, but if you choose to you can tip the servers at your restaurant 5-10% by handing it to them directly and 5 Egyptian Pounds as a general tip of anyone.
Can I Enter the Pyramids?
Yes, you can enter the pyramids for the small fee of 20$.
How to Enjoy Egypt During Ramadan?
Ramadan is a special time of year for Muslims that should be celebrated by non-Muslims and feel the essence of the Islamic culture. You can fast with the Muslim or just observe but you are always welcome to join the celebrations and festivals.